Hydropower Development Policy (2058 BS), 2001

Hydropower Development Policy (2058) emphasizes the need of implementation of mitigation measures in the project-affected area. The developer should have responsibility for resettlement and rehabilitation of affected people. The policy states that Resettlement and Rehabilitation works shall be conducted as per approved criteria of the GoN. The policy clearly states that hydropower development shall be emphasized with due consideration of environmental conservation and as an alternate of bio and thermal energy.

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Forestry Policy, 2014

The Forestry Policy 2014 highlights the forest conservation, management and their sustainable use through people's participation.

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Policy on Land Acquisition, and Resettlement and Rehabilitation for Infrastructure Development Projects 2014

The GoN has formulated national Policy on Land Acquisition, Compensation and Resettlement for Development Project (PLACRDP) with the objective of providing services like compensation, resettlement and rehabilitation to the affected people depending on the nature of effects, so as to help them keep their social and economic situations before the project or help them reach the higher socio-economic ladder. The Policy also aims to adopt a uniform approach in carrying out these measures and reducing adverse risks of project implementation thus ensuring smooth operation of project. This Policy shall provide a guideline in implementing the project and establishing coordination among various ministries on land acquisition issues.

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Land Acquisition Act, 1977

Land acquisition Act is the main legislation to guide the land acquisition process in the country.

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Forest Act, 1993

The Forest Act, 1993, Section 49 prohibits reclaiming lands, setting fires, grazing, removing or damaging forest products, felling trees or plants, wildlife hunting and extracting boulders, sand and soil from the national forest without prior approval from GoN.

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Electricity Act, 2049 (1992)

The electricity act 1992 has been enacted to manage the survey, generation, transmission and distribution of electricity and to standardize and safeguard electricity services.

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Local Government Operation Act, 2074

The Local Government Operation Act, 2074 that came into effect since 15 October 2017 has paved a strong legal foundation towards institutionalizing legislative, executive and quasi-judiciary practice of the newly-formed local government. The legal mechanism was enacted as per the Article 296 (1) of the Nepal Constitution-2015 so as to leverage local leadership and governance system.

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Land Reform Act (2021), 1964

The Land Reform Act, 1964 established the tenancy rights of tenets who holds the land that belongs to another landowner to till the same on any terms and cultivates the land by him/herself or his/her family's labour.Chapter 25, section 7 and sub-section 1 of this act define the tenancy rights.

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Ancient Monument Protection Act 1956 (2013 BS)

The Ancient Monument Protection Act 2013 BS is about the protection of monument site/area.

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Electricity Regulations, 1992

Electricity Regulations, 1992

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Forest Regulation, 1995

Rule 65 of the Forest Regulation stipulates that in case the execution of any project having national priority in any forest area causes any loss or harm to any local, individual, or community, the proponents of the project itself shall bear the amount of compensation to be paid.

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Environment Protection Rule 1997 (2054 BS)

The Environment Protection Rule 1997 is the guiding rule for IEE/EIA study. Despite several provisions of IEE/EIA study of the development project, the rules 45, 46 and 47 stipulates procedures and provisions for compensation to the affected.

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